To double or not




How do we know when to double the last letter of a word? When writing a verb in its –ing form, is swiming or swimming correct? What looks better to you: fixing or fixxing? Well in this helpful Georgal Tip, you will learn when to double or not, so that you learn to spell right!

Spelling Tip 1

For 1-syllable verbs that end on –g, –m, –n, –p, –t double the last letter and add -ing.

- hug: “This is me, hugging my mother on her birthday.”

- swim: “Gloria was swimming at the sports club between 4 and 6 pm yesterday.”

- sit: “Is the teacher sitting or standing in class right now?”

- run: “Sophie is always in a hurry, she is running everywhere.”

- stop: “Why is the train stopping at this station?”

Spelling Tip 2

When the last three letters of a verb finish with: consonant + vowel + consonant, double the last letter:

consonant  + vowel + consonant = double

trim – trimming
stop – stopping

drop – dropping
begin – beginning
dig – digging

Be Careful

NOTE: Words like dream, eat, need, and write DO NOT follow the consonant  + vowel + consonant = double ending.

These words also DO NOT follow the rule, only add -ING because they end on –w, –x, –y.

Examples: snow – snowing
box – boxing
mix – mixing
play – playing


DIRECTIONS: Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb.


This is me, _______________ next to my best friend.
a. sit b. sitting c. siting

*Note: A misspelled word counts as incorrect.


  1. Careful! You are stepping on the flowers.
  1. When teaching, standing is better than sitting down.
  1. It isn’t snowing anymore. Can we go outside and play?
  1. Are you going running this evening in the park or not?
  1. Mark is planning his next vacation to the Riviera Maya.


The consonant  + vowel + consonant = double spelling tip also applies to -ED endings, with the same exceptions:

step – stepped
rub – rubbed
permit – permitted


1.   Oh no! He stepped on wet cement.
2.   Aladdin rubbed the lamp and made 3 wishes.
3.   Smoking is no longer permitted in public closed spaces.